What are cannabinoids?

Every cannabinoid yields a unique vibe; they’re all present in the cannabis plant, but each one has a specific chemical structure, influencing how it interacts with the body and mind. THC commonly act as social butterflies, binding to receptors in the brain and sparking that “high” feeling. Others, like CBD, play the introvert, offering a more subtle, calming effect. While sleepy CBN dominates a sleepy feeling which is commonly used in products that promote healthy sleep.

It is important to understand how each cannabinoid interacts with one another.  Although cannabinoids are effective by themselves, they also can amplify the effects when taking together.  This is why you can experience a diverse spectrum of experiences associated with cannabis, from super focused, to giggly, and even sleepy.


Common cannabinoids on the market today?

There are more than 100 known cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, and some are much more common than others. Here's a quick snapshot of some of today’s key cannabinoids:

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol): The star of the show, THC is responsible for the “high” associated with marijuana, and may promote feelings of euphoria, relaxation, and altered perception. The two key types are Delta-9 THC (generally considered more potent and psychoactive), and Delta-8 THC (often described as producing a milder, more clear-headed high).

THCa (Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid): The precursor to THC, THCa converts directly to psychoactive THC when it’s heated or smoked.

THC-P (Tetrahydrocannabinol): Generally believed to be a more potent analog of THC, THC-P may have stronger psychoactive effects and may result in a more intense high.

THC-V (Tetrahydrocannabivarin): Sometimes referred to as “diet weed,” THC-V is structurally similar to THC and has been said to act as an appetite suppressant.

CBD (Cannabidiol): THC’s chill counterpart, CBD is known for its ability to promote feelings of relaxation and may help loosen the body and mind.

CBN (Cannabinol): A sleepy-feeling cannabinoid, CBN is generally considered less potent than THC and is often found in aged cannabis.

CBG (Cannabigerol): Referred to as the “mother,” CBG is the precursor molecule for many other cannabinoids.

CBC (Cannabichromene): A non-psychoactive cannabis compound, CBC may function as the “glue” that binds other cannabinoids together.

HHC (Hexahydrocannabinol): A derivative cannabinoid structurally similar to THC, HHC is thought to have psychoactive effects similar to THC, although the potency and specific effects may differ.

HHC-P (Hexahydrocannabinol Phenylpropanoid): Another derivative compound that may have psychoactive effects similar to THC, though the specifics are still largely unknown.


What are terpenes?

Terpenes are the fragrant oils found in a variety of plants including cannabis, fruits, and herbs. They’re responsible for the dizzying array of scents and flavors we enjoy in cannabis, from the piney smell of Christmas trees to the citrusy zest of oranges and the funky skunk of hops. They’re also good for plants: Terpenes can act as natural pesticides that help repel insects, protect the plant from disease, and attract pollinators.

Terpenes and cannabinoids can often work together in a synergistic way called the “entourage effect.” This means they can enhance or modify each other's effects, potentially boosting the benefits of cannabis.